Top 5 Hiatal Hernia Surgery Risks

Hiatal Hernia Surgery Risks

For most people, hiatal hernia surgery risks are never considered because either their hernias are not large enough or serious enough to require surgical repair or because their symptoms are not severe enough to warrant such a remedy. However, for those who are seeking hiatal hernia relief of a more permanent nature or due to the fact that conventional forms of treatment have failed, an operation may be the only remaining option. There are certain hiatal hernia surgery risks that are specific to the procedure being performed, and there are multiple types of hiatal hernia repair surgery that vary in terms of invasiveness and risk.

There are three types of surgery for hiatal hernia symptoms and repair that are generally considered acceptable. The first is referred to as an open surgery, and it involves a long incision into the abdomen. While there is little question that this type of procedure provides the best access to everything inside the torso, it is also the type of procedure that is associated with the most hiatal hernia surgery risks. Aside from this type of open type of surgery, laparoscopic options are available. These are far less invasive, but do still require some cuts – three to five in most cases, and they are most commonly very small. There are some hiatal hernia surgery risks associated with laparoscopic repair procedures, but fewer than is the case with open surgery. The newest form of surgery for the condition requires no cutting at all, merely a camera and associated and appropriate tools being inserted into the mouth and down the esophagus where the needed corrections and repairs are made. Perhaps not easily considered among surgery for hiatal hernia symptoms, this type of treatment (called endoluminal fundoplication) does not actually involve any cuts at all, and is the least likely to be associated with negative hiatal hernia surgery risks, however it is not available everywhere and to all patients.

Regardless of type, there are some risks to having a hiatal hernia repair performed regardless of how it is done. The likelihood of negative aftereffects is dependent upon the health of the individual and the present disorder as well as any underlying complications. A hiatal hernia repair is not a single process. Both correcting the existing problem and helping to prevent its recurrence are performed simultaneously in most procedures. The stomach is therefore put back where it belongs and the opening to the diaphragm is tightened with stitches to prevent re-herniation. Additionally, most procedures include another preventative measure in addition to the hernia repair. In a process known as fundoplication, the stomach is stapled to the esophagus which creates the pressure necessary to prevent the backup of stomach acid. Performing these tasks all at once during the same procedure makes sense in most cases; however it does mean that the risk of hiatal hernia surgery risks is mildly increased.

A surgical procedure for a hiatal hernia is not typical and is often only recommended in cases where there is risk of serious physiological complications like strangulation that outweigh the risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications. Surgeries may also be recommended in cases where conventional and alternative treatments have been completely exhausted without success. When operations do occur, hiatal hernia surgery risks must be considered, and we put together the five most common that are worth thinking about.

1. Problems with Breathing: There are risks to the respiratory system both as a result of hiatal hernia surgery itself as well as the anesthesia that is used in order to ensure that the patient is not conscious during the procedure. In the case of used anesthetic, pneumonia may occur as a result of being put under. As a result of the actual procedure itself, pneumonia is considered one of a few different breathing related hiatal hernia surgery risks.

2. Digestive Tract Damage: Although the purpose of having the surgery done in the first place is to help relieve digestive ails, the cameras and tools used during the operation actually cause its own can of worms in terms of potentially serious although incredibly rare hiatal hernia surgery risks. Although very atypical, damage to the liver, small intestine, esophagus or stomach may occur and may come separate or secondary complications.

3. Dysphagia and Gas Bloat: This pair of symptoms is not only relatively common but is both considered regular occurrences in people going through recovery from hernia surgery. Gas is typically blow into the abdomen during the procedures in order for the surgeon to be able to see everything they need to while they work. This gas makes working easier during surgery, but can lead to painful bloat during the time period that includes recovery from hernia surgery. In addition to painful sensations of fullness, dysphagia (which refers to difficulty swallowing) may also occur and most of the time dissipates within three months of the procedure.

4. Allergic Reactions: No two operations are precisely the same, however almost all of them come with some risk related to potentially serious or even life threatening allergic reactions. The majority of the time, these reactions are related to the use of medications before, during and after the surgery. With current technology making allergen awareness more prevalent, thankfully these hiatal hernia surgery risks are becoming less and less of a concern. However, all medications carry some risk of hazardous or dangerous reactions, even if they have previously not caused a reaction before.

5. Recurrence of Hiatal Hernia: Perhaps one of the most obnoxious of all hiatal hernia surgery risks is the knowledge that it may not be a permanent solution. Surgeons make every attempt to both repair the hernia as well as prevent its recurrence. However, there is no guarantee that a hernia will not recur, even if preventative steps are taken. Since there is no way to completely ensure that a hernia will not come back, the possibility of recurrence is something that anyone thinking about the surgery must consider.