Hiatal Hernia Medication – What Is Typically Prescribed?

Hiatal Hernia Medication

A hiatal hernia is a condition in which part of the stomach slips or is pushed through an opening in the diaphragm which is called the hiatus. In almost all cases, the condition is not serious, and much of the time there are no symptoms associated with the condition. However, some people do encounter some symptoms as a result of having a hiatal hernia. It is important to understand that the hernia itself is actually not responsible for causing symptoms. They stem from an interesting relationship that often exists between hiatal hernia and GERD that can be a result of several different factors. It is the symptoms associated with GERD that are what may require treatment if the condition is present, and the most common type of treatment is one of two main types of hiatal hernia medication.

Before jumping in to various treatment options for a hiatal hernia, it is worth understanding just the way in which one might produce symptoms. There are two main hiatal hernia types, sliding and rolling (in rare cases both may exist simultaneously). A sliding form of the condition refers to one in which the area of the stomach that connects to the stomach bulges outward in one lump from the hiatus. A rolling hiatal hernia refers to a condition in which the herniated part of the stomach that protrudes from the hiatus ends up alongside the esophagus as opposed to beneath it. This secondary type is more uncommon, but could result in different types of treatment being required. For instance, hiatal hernia medication may not be enough to treat the condition, and surgical options may be considered.

What causes symptoms when a hiatal hernia is present can vary. In some cases, activity, position or pressure may be the cause. From a physiological standpoint, the movement of the sphincter that keeps stomach acid from backing up into the esophagus may be to blame. This particular sphincter is responsible for letting food into the stomach from the esophagus, but keeping stomach contents from moving upward where they do not belong. This process is what may make hiatal hernia medication necessary. The stomach is lined to protect itself from the effects of volatile stomach acid, but the esophagus is not. When stomach acid enters the esophagus, it almost instantly creates irritation and inflammation. These medicines do not correct the hernia, and they do not relieve the pain in the esophagus. Their function has to do with stomach acid volume.

In terms of treatment for hiatal hernia symptom relief caused from acid reflux, one of the most common types of drugs that is prescribed is Lansoprazole, which is a proton pump inhibitor. These types of medications keep the stomach from producing as much acid. Whole Lansoprazole is one of the most commonly used hiatal hernia medications; it is not without its own side effects. People taking the daily medication may experience headaches, nausea, diarrhea and possibly constipation. In addition, this medication does not provide immediate symptom relief; rather it gradually reduces the amount of acid that is produced over time for a gradual reduction in symptoms. Omeprazole is another type of proton pump inhibitor that is commonly used. Its mechanism of action and function is similar to Lansoprazole; however the side effects of this hiatal hernia medication are a bit different, and might include fever, symptom of a cold, vomiting and headaches.

Aside from proton pump inhibitors which reduce the amount of acid that is produced by the stomach, H2 Receptor blockers are additionally utilized to reduce the amount of acid that the stomach produces. They work by blocking the stimulation of cells that are responsible for producing acid. These types of hiatal hernia medication are used for a wide range of gastrointestinal problems and often are responsible for fewer side effects than proton pump inhibitors. However, there are some more serious although rare side effects associated with these types of medications including a reduced libido and gynecomastia in men.

Medications are the most common types of treatment for a hiatal hernia. They can be incredibly effective at reducing the amount of stomach acid that is produced; however the side effects that can come along with medicinal hiatal hernia remedies may be undesirable for some people, despite their effectiveness. In addition, some different types of alternative remedies can be hugely beneficial alongside the medications. For instance, natural remedies for hiatal hernia symptom relief like herbal digestive aids or externally applied essential oils might be able to work alongside hiatal hernia medication. However, it is incredibly important that herbal remedies be discussed with a healthcare provider before proceeding as they might potentially negatively interact with certain types of hiatal hernia medication. Another remedy that can be incredibly successful either on its own or along with medicines is a change in diet. There is no specific diet that is best suited for persons with a hiatal hernia; however any diet that limits or omits fatty dairy, spicy or hot food, carbonated beverages, sugary food and acidic produce can be beneficial. In fact, some people find that a hiatal hernia diet can be effective enough on its own that the need for any type of hiatal hernia medication can be eliminated.

Most cases of hiatal hernias are not serious, but when they produce symptoms, prescription medications or a doctor recommended over the counter dose of their less potent relatives is often in order. These hiatal hernia medication options are not without side effects, but they can be incredibly good at alleviating symptoms related to acid reflux. Alternatively, there are many other options available for treatment including dietary, lifestyle and natural treatment options. Which is best for each individual will depend not only on the type and size of the hernia but also the specific needs of the individual.

References:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H2_antagonist
https://www.medicinenet.com/omeprazole/article.htm
https://www.medicinenet.com/lansoprazole/article.htm