Hiatal Hernia Surgery Complications – How to Avoid Them?

Hiatal Hernia Surgery Complications

Though there is no doubt that living with symptoms associated with acid reflux attributed to a hiatal hernia can be downright miserable at times, the condition is only very rarely serious and is most often considered a regular annoyance than anything. However, some people have symptoms that persist despite attempts to treat them conventionally; or, have symptoms that are very severe, very frequent or interfere with daily life and activities. In these cases, surgical options might be considered. Though these types of operations are considered generally safe and are performed regularly, there is still a risk of after effects and hiatal hernia surgery complications to consider. Surgeries like these are considered because their benefits are deemed greater than their inherent risks. And, in the case of reducing risks, there are some methods of avoidance to think about.

A hiatal hernia repair surgery typically involves a lot more than just restoring a herniated part back into place; it is also focused on prevention too. During the procedure, not only is the hernia repaired but so is the opening in the diaphragm that it came through. Further, the stomach is almost always stapled to the esophagus which can help prevent stomach acid from backing up and creating the symptoms that the condition is known for. There are three different ways in which a hiatal hernia repair might occur including an open procedure, a laparoscopic procedure and a noninvasive procedure. Which one is used can greatly determine how high the risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications and side effects are. Surgery type, therefore, is one consideration in reducing complication risk.

When a surgery for hiatal hernia symptom relief is performed can also have an impact on complication risk as well. With proper health care and monitoring, a physician can easily determine whether or not a hiatal hernia is as risk for becoming strangulated or not. A strangulated hernia is a life threatening medical emergency and refers to an interruption in the blood supply to the stomach. These emergency procedures are much more likely to result in hiatal hernia surgery complications than those that are performed on a more voluntary basis when they have been deemed an appropriate form of treatment. Hiatal hernia surgery risks are greatly increased during an emergency situation.

Aside from planning, timing and guided medical care, there are other ways to potentially help reduce the risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications that are very similar to the care that should be taken after the operation has occurred. A few weeks of healing are needed for recovery from hiatal hernia surgery, and during that time, both lifestyle and dietary changes need to occur in order to both speed healing and prevent the problem from happening again. For instance, while normal activity can resume within a couple of weeks following the procedure, strenuous activity is actually best avoided well beyond the hiatal hernia surgery recovery period and should be abstained from for some months following. This same approach can also help to reduce the risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications, as injury from strenuous activity can lead to unforeseen issues during the procedure.

Further, lifestyle approaches that become vitally important following surgery may also be useful to minimizing uncomfortable hiatal hernia surgery side effects and mitigating complication risk. For instance, maintaining a diet that is appropriate that does not include acidic, spicy, hot, peppery, carbonated, fried, fatty or greasy food can not only reduce symptoms, but also not cause further damage to the areas that need repair or treatment, which can in turn lower complication risk. Additionally, maintaining health physical activity by participating in regular and healthy exercise before the procedure might help to prevent hiatal hernia surgery complications that are related to respiratory troubles from the operation or associated anesthetic.

The only way to definitely guarantee that there is not a risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications is not to have the procedure performed at all. Even the most skilled professionals and most ideal candidates cannot together eliminate surgically related risks. However, ensuring that surgery is the best option and selecting the right kind and maintaining as good of health as possible up to the time of the operation can greatly reduce the risk of hiatal hernia surgery complications.

References:
http://www.ariahealth.org/programs-and-services/surgery/general-surgery/surgery-for-hiatal-hernia